Abstract: In this paper, we address the problem of estimating noise level from a single image contaminated by additive zeromean Gaussian noise. We first provide rigorous analysis on the statistical relationship between the noise variance and the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix of patches within an image, which shows that many state-of-the-art noise estimation methods underestimate the noise level of an image. To this end, we derive a new nonparametric algorithm for efficient noise level estimation based on the observation that patches decomposed from a clean image often lie around a low-dimensional subspace. The performance of our method has been guaranteed both theoretically and empirically. Specifically, our method outperforms existing state-of-theart algorithms on estimating noise level with the least executing time in our experiments. We further demonstrate that the denoising algorithm BM3D algorithm achieves optimal performance using noise variance estimated by our algorithm.
Recommended citation: Guangyong Chen, Fengyuan Zhu, Pheng Ann Heng. "An Efficient Statistical Method for Image Noise Level Estimation." In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015..